Bidders will be permitted to submit questions to support their proposal development and submission. Questions should be emailed by the Bidder-question due date (indicated in the CFP Master Schedule) to the OGC Technology Desk. Question submitters will remain anonymous, and answers will be compiled, published, and regularly updated here. OGC may also choose to conduct a Bidder’s question-and-answer webinar to review clarifications and invite follow-on questions.

The submission procedures state that on the far right, the Review link navigates to a page summarizing all the deliverables the Bidder is proposing. But this link does not appear on the bid submission form. Why is it missing?
Answer: The Review tab won't appear until the form-filler has actually submitted at least one deliverable under the Propose tab first. updated: 2018-07-03 12:55:46
Is there any limit on the size of the Proposed Contribution for each proposed deliverable?
Answer: There are no additional limits beyond the raw capacity of the infrastructure. But bidders are encouraged to incorporate content by reference where possible (rather than inline copying and pasting) so the bid evaluation team can maintain some control over the amount of material to be read in each proposal. There is also a textbox on a separate page of the submission form for inclusion of Organizational Background information (no need to include this information for each deliverable) updated: 2018-07-04 06:36:42
What are some of the ways that currently available solutions fall short of this goal (automated conversion of 3D models to turn-by-turn)? What’s the big remaining challenge?
Answer: Many of the individual data formats and interfaces are in place, but the workflows to go from point clouds to semantic 3D models to navigation networks are lacking, at least in an easily automated manner leveraging an open standardized approach. There are challenges both in creating the technologies and stitching them together to create automated workflows. updated: 2018-07-10 09:29:20
How often do first responders walk a building to perform pre-planning?
Answer: It depends on the individual fire or police department, but a reasonable rule of thumb is at least once per year for high-risk buildings and 1-3 yrs. for other facilities. updated: 2018-07-10 09:30:09
When the press release says ...future OGC initiatives will address the real-time, event-driven aspects of indoor mapping and navigation for first responders..., what does this mean? What are the event-driven aspects?
Answer: The focus of this initiative is on automating the process to generate indoor 3D maps and navigation networks as part of pre-incident planning. This data could be considered a static reference. However, future initiatives could potentially leverage this reference dataset in combination with dynamic information being collected from real-time localization systems, which may include LiDAR and other sensors, and other sources, e.g. IoT sensors, to deliver real-time navigation services for first responders during actual incidents. updated: 2018-07-10 09:31:07
How to register for the Bidders Q&A Webinar?
Answer: The registration page is at updated: 2018-07-13 09:35:54
Is an organization required to be an OGC member in order to submit a bid? In order to participate in the initiative as a selected Participant?
Answer: No, any organization may submit a bid. But as described in the CFP at, proposals from non-members will be considered provided that a completed application for OGC membership (or a letter of intent to become a member) is submitted prior to (or with) the proposal. So, at minimum, a non-member should include with its proposal a letter indicating an intent to apply to become a member of OGC. This application could be contingent on being selected to receive cost-share funding. Then if the proposal is selected for one or more deliverables, this funding could be used to cover the membership cost. If the proposal is not selected, the bidder is under no obligation to pay a membership fee (but it should notify OGC that the application is being withdrawn). updated: 2018-07-28 02:45:13
How are the two points in the turn-by-turn navigation service defined? Are they custom points of interest on a map? Or pre-established areas from one room to another? In other words, will pathfinding have to be provided for one side of a room to another?
Answer: This will be one of the empirical questions to be explored as part of the Pilot initiative. Room-to-room might not be as useful in large spaces, but custom seems like it might be very difficult. As a starting hypothesis, it would be fair to assume that any space should be broken up into pre-established nodes based on geography or points-of-interest as part of the preplanning process. Then Participants would be expected to examine the implications of this approach during Pilot experimentation and report on their findings. updated: 2018-07-16 11:47:55
Is there a brief overview of what's required to submit a proposal?
Answer: Yes, the Indoor Mapping and Navigation Pilot home page now includes a Summary of Procedures to Submit a Proposal in Response to the CFP section. Scroll down past the introductory material. July 17 update: these instructions have also been added at the top of the CFP itself. updated: 2018-07-17 11:40:32
Can a submission be edited before it is submitted?
Answer: Yes, you can edit your proposed submission prior to submission. You can also retract a submission (up to the cut-off submission time), then edit and re-submit it. updated: 2018-07-20 16:07:07
What are some of the key anticipated source data formats to be used to generate indoor mapping data? The CFP mentions indoor LiDAR and localization info - presumably positioning, and CityGML. However, in many cases building data is maintained in CAD or BIM form. Would it be of interest to be able to bring in this type of data into the proposed system?
Answer: For the 3D point cloud we expect the LAS file format and public safety features as CityGML ADE. Additional datasets are welcome (it's always difficult to get good sample data) like IFC, but also proprietary formats like DWG or Revit files can be useful (we could transform them into interoperable formats or use them as backdrops). updated: 2018-07-20 16:07:34
Would it be useful to be able to convert from other industry indoor data formats to IndoorGML - e.g. Apple IMDF / AVF, Here Venue GML, Google GeoJSON?
Answer: Yes, that would be useful (see also the previous answer). Getting source data is always difficult. updated: 2018-07-20 16:08:14
Would a component that brings building data into IndoorGML necessarily be submitted to the Navigation Modeler Service deliverable category? Or might it be appropriate to submit it to the more general category Indoor Mapping and Navigation?
Answer: The general category would be preferred (so that it could be used for a broader set of purposes). updated: 2018-07-20 16:30:16
Would all test data need to be made publicly available by the end of the project? Might some data be shown in a demo but not necessarily shared in detail as features?
Answer: No and Yes. A click-through usage license can be placed in front of any test data so that it is restricted for use solely as part of the testbed and solely by Participants (not to be made public). updated: 2018-07-20 17:02:14
Could we select the test building by ourselves or it will be determined by OGC?
Answer: No particular building has been pre-determined by OGC. Any bidder who can offer a test building that might be of relevance to the initiative should mention it in their proposal response. updated: 2018-07-20 16:50:43
Is the required mobile 3D LIDAR survey instrument GFE? We have sensors that create building models based on human traffic, basically monitoring the movement of people throughout a building and drawing a building model based on the traffic patterns. Is this kind of data of interest in a 3D Point cloud model?
Answer: The combination of 3D LiDAR and 360 degree imagery is the focus of this initiative. Bidders should assume that the data prodcued by NIST001 will be available one way or another. If no bids are received, a contingency plan will be used to provide the NIST001 work product to enable downstream work. No equipment will be provided (so the Participant would have to provide their own). For background information on the use case of interest, please consult the Point Cloud City work described at updated: 2018-07-20 17:01:02
Did you have any specific navigation services in mind that you were thinking of integrating with? Do any already exist as an OGC standard? Or is that still evolving?
Answer: OGC has an existing standard for navigation: OpenLS Part 6 - Navigation Service (OGC Document number 08-028r7: The OpenLS standard includes an Abstract Data Type for navigation that can be used for design activities in the Indoor Navigation Pilot. Some portions of the OpenLS Navigation standard may not be applicable to the Indoor Pilot as OpenLS was designed and implemented in the cellular phone environment about 10 years ago. updated: 2018-07-23 08:15:30
Does IndoorGML currently have a routing schema?
Answer: IndoorGML does have route features (in addition to topology). updated: 2018-07-20 16:47:45
What is the link to the Indoor Pilot Observer Agreement?
Answer: The link is updated: 2018-07-20 17:24:39
What is the precise bid submission deadline?
Answer: Since different submission times can sometimes be listed in different documents, we will be very lenient in this regard. For example, if someone in Honolulu interpreted the submission deadline as being midnight local time in Hawaii, that would be fine. updated: 2018-07-24 06:54:41
Why is deliverable NIST010 (Demonstration Video Assets) not included in the bid submission form drop-down list?
Answer: NIST010 is a mandatory "sub-deliverable" for all the components, so there's no need for a separate deliverable for bidders to bid on. Any bidder selected to deliver any component must also necessarily deliver NIST010. updated: 2018-07-25 11:28:09